Under the New York Penal Code a person in New York commits the crime of larceny if they take the property of another intending to deprive that person of the property or intending to keep the property for himself. There are numerous ways larceny can be committed. One of these is by extortion.
Organized retail theft refers to shoplifting on a much larger scale. Generally, a person commits organized retail theft or fraud if they work with other parties to steal from retailers with the intent of reselling the stolen items for financial gain. Two New Yorkers are now facing various theft-related criminal charges, including first-degree forgery, organized retail theft, third-degree larceny, possession of shoplifting devices and conspiracy to commit organized retail theft and third-degree larceny.
Sometimes mistakes are made. A person in New York might accidentally take property they think is theirs. Other times, however, a person purposely steals property, with no intent of giving it back to its owner. When this happens, it may constitute the crime of larceny.
Many people use larceny, burglary and robbery interchangeably when describing crimes of theft. However, in the world of criminal justice, there are significant differences between each of these terms. Each theft crime has its own set of elements that prosecutors must prove to get a conviction.